Was Akbar the First Muslim King to Marry a Hindu Princess?

Many people believe that Akbar (1556-1605) was the first Muslim ruler to marry a Hindu princess, but this is not true. Though many Muslim rulers had earlier married Hindu princesses, Akbar was the first to allow full religious freedom to his Hindu wives.

Was Raja Bharmal the First Rajput to Marry His Daughter to a Muslim?:

Raja Bharmal of Amer (1548-1574) was first among the Rajputs to marry his daughter to a Mughal. See the history of Heera Kunwari's marriage with Akbar. It is said that Rao Maldeo of Jodhpur (1532-1562) was the first to give his daughter in marriage to a Muslim. Maldeo married one of his daughters Kankavati Bai to Sultan Mahmud III of Gujarat (1537-1554); and another daughter Lala Bai to Sher Shah Suri (It's not sure whether she was married to Sher Shah or his son Salim Shah) and a third daughter Rukmavati Bai to Akbar.

Wife of Akbar

Sultan Baz Bahadur of Mandu (1555-1562) was a contemporary of Akbar. Read the love story of Baz Bahadur and his Hindu wife Rupmati. Long before this, Sultan Ala-ud-din Khilji (1296-1316) married Kamla Devi, the ex-wife of Rai Karan of Gujarat, who was captured after the Rai's defeat. Ala-ud-din Khilji's eldest son Khizr Khan married Dewal Devi, the daughter of Rai Karan and Kamla Devi. Read the love story of Khizr Khan and Dewal Devi. Some historians say that Ala-ud-din married the daughter of Ramadeva, the king of Devagiri.

Firuz Shah of Bahmani Sultanate (1397-1422) defeated Devaraya I of Vijayanagar (1406-1412) and demanded his daughter in marriage. The marriage was celebrated in great pomp. Sultan Alau'd-din Ahmad Shah II (1436-1458) of Bahmani Sultanate sent his minister Dilawar Khan to capture the country of Konkan. He defeated the Rajas of Rairee and Sokehr and took the daughter of Raja of Sokehr to the Sultan. The Sultan was charmed with the Raja's daughter, who was without equal in beauty, disposition and knowledge of music. He gave her the title of Perichehra.

Muzaffar Shah, the founder of the Gujarat Sultanate was the son of a Hindu converted Muslim. When Sultan Muhammad Shah of Gujarat (1441-1451) attacked the Raja of Idar, the Rai offered his submission and sent his daughter to the Sultan. The Sultan was fascinated with her beauty and through her influence he restored the country of Idar to her father.

Bubuji Khanum, queen of Yusuf Adil Shah Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1351-1388) was the son of Sipah Salar Rajab (brother of Sultan Tughlaq) by Bibi Naila. the daughter of Rana Mall Bhatti of Abuhar. Read the history of marriage of Bibi Naila with Sipah Salar Rajab. Firoz Shah married a Hindu princess of the Gujari tribe, for whom he built the Gujari Mahal at Hisar.

Sultan Muzaffar Shah II of Gujarat (1511-1526) was born to Rani Harbai, the daughter of the Tah Rana, a Rajput zamindar of Mahindri. Sultan Bahadur Shah (1526-1537) was the son of Sultan Muzaffar Shah II by Lakham Bai, who was the daughter of a Gohil Rajput. Sultan Muzaffar had also married Raj Bai, the sister of Mahipat Rana.

Sultan Yusuf Adil Shah (1490-1510) was the founder of the Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur. Mukund Rao, a Maratha chief, and his brother revolted against Yusuf Adil Shah during the first year of his reign. Yusuf Adil Shah defeated them and their families fell into his hands. Among these was Punji, the sister of Mukund Rao, whom Yusuf afterwards espoused, and gave her the title of Bubuji Khanum. By this princess, he had his son Ismail Adil Shah (1510-1534).

Kasim Barid (1492-1504), the founder of Barid Shahi Dynasty of Bidar, defeated the Maratha chief Sabaji Maratha and married the daughter of Sabaji to his son Amir Barid. Legend says that Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah of Golconda (1581-1611) had a Hindu mistress named Bhagmati, though there is no proof of her existence.

We have seen above that there were many Hindu princesses who married Muslim rulers. What about the opposite case? Were there any Hindu kings who married Muslim princesses? According to my knowledge the one and only Hindu chief who married a Muslim girl was Bajirao Peshwa. Read Bajirao's love affair with Mastani.

Reference:

The History of the Rise of Mahommedan Power in India By Ferishta, trans. by John Briggs

Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals By Satish Chandra

The History of India as Told by its Own Historians: The Local Muhammadan Dynasties: Gujarat by Sikandar ibn Muhammad, ed. by Edward Clive Bayley, trans. by John Dowson

Comments

  1. Very nice information thanks for sharing

    ReplyDelete
  2. Most of the marriage was later turn into love
    For instance alauddin khilji fall in love wd kamala devi and gave her tittle of malika i Hindu
    Malik rajab wife bibi nahila too was rajab favourite queen

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. fully agree. such love and devotion of hindu women still exists in our heart for the muslims.

      Delete
    2. Anonymous03 May, 2017

      Hhh

      Delete
  3. Muslim invader mewar ko nahi jeet sakhe aur nahi vivah kar sakhe unki daughter se.Kyukki mewar ka swabhiman bahut bada tha babba rawal ke samay se.jisne iran tak mewar ki patak fehrayi thi aur 200 dole muslim daughter ke apne saath laaye the. Mewar ke maharaja to bhagwan eklingnath hai. Rana to kewal diwan the to aise mein rana kyo jhukte muslim ke saame. Akbar na to great tha aur nahi hai aur nahi future mein rahegha.kyoki mahan to wo hote hai jo ranbhumi ladte hai. Maharana pratap ke kai baar bulane par bhi akbar haldighati ke yudh mein nahi aaya.kyoki usee dar tha ki mein yudh mein gaya to chahe jeet ho ya haar meri maut pakki hai. Kyoki mewari rajpoot bhughe shero ki tarah mujh par hamla karege.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous03 May, 2017

      Exactly.....arvind ji.....

      Delete
    2. Plz tell me you are joking Arvind... Akbar sent peace proposals but Pratap kept denying nicely. Had he challenged Akbar to war then, and if an angered Akbar proceeded to war, then Mewar and Pratap would have ceased to exist... After Haldighati, later that same year Akbar himself went to Mewar to attack it... But hearing of Akbar's arrival, Pratap fled (like usual)...

      You have a problem with Muslims bringing dolas of Hindu women to their capital, but no problem when Bappa Rawal (as you claim) did the same to Muslim women? What a hypocrite...

      As for Bappa Rawal... He did not bring Muslim women to Mewar. Instead, he moved west, converted to Islam and lived in the "Mleecha" lands after marrying these Muslim women. His progeny from these marriages formed the tribes of Naushahra Pathans...

      As for your Mewar rulings being Ekalingji... I can only laugh at you.

      Delete
  4. such a black history of our country..division of cast and and hatred feeling among hindu written this.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Nice insight to our past history.

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment